Eye Care Services In San Diego, CA

Our services aim to restore the body to its natural state of optimal health. We offer a wide range of specialized services, therapies and techniques to make your journey to lasting wellness as efficient and effective as possible.

​​​​​​​Comprehensive Eye Exams

Updating your prescriptions is only one benefit of routine eye exams. Around 200 medical diseases can be discovered through eye exams, which most people are unaware of. Make an annual eye exam an integral part of your healthcare routine, regardless of whether your vision appears to be stable or acceptable. Think of it as a "physical" for your eyes.

Examination: Our eye exams include an in-depth review of your medical and ocular history, assessment of your corneal surface and eye pressure, determination of your visual acuity and prescription, neurological evaluation, and thorough internal and exterior ocular health check.

Disease Assessment: You will also have a detailed evaluation for a variety of eye conditions, including glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, and retinal vascular diseases including diabetic retinopathy. Similar to other disorders, early detection and good care from your eye doctor can improve your health and wellbeing overall as well as your eyesight. To get a wide-field view of your retina, we provide digital retinal imaging through Optos. Pictures from one year to the next might be examined to find potential problems that could otherwise go undiscovered.

Computer Vision Syndrome: Nowadays, the majority of jobs involve ongoing computer use. If so, it's possible that you have Computer Vision Syndrome symptoms (CVS). Headaches, drowsiness, stress, or burning eyes, difficulty focusing, blurred or double vision, and even shoulder and neck pain are all possible signs of CVS. In this situation, we might recommend particular lenses to improve your computer vision and comfort.

​​​​​​​Myopia Management

What is Myopia?

This condition occurs when the eyeball becomes too long. Because light rays cannot focus directly on the surface of the retina, distant scenes such as classroom whiteboards appear blurry.

Childhood myopia, or nearsightedness, is becoming more common. Myopia affects approximately 42% of Americans today.

High myopia can cause vision impairment and loss due to glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment, and choroidal neovascularization (myopic macular degeneration). This public health burden is expected to grow over time, with one study projecting that myopia prevalence will rise to 49.8 percent by 2050, with high myopia rising to 9.8 percent.

Types of Myopia Control:
There are now various efficient treatment options thanks to the decade's worth of study on slowing the progression of myopia.

MiSight Soft Contact Lenses:

  • Easy to fit, single use lenses

  • Suitable for children as young as 8 years old

  • MiSight contacts are specifically designed and FDA approved to slow elongation of the eye by using ActivControl technology

Low Dose Atropine:

  • What is Atropine? In addition to being used as an eye medication or eye drop, atropine is utilized in general medicine. To test young children's eyesight, cure amblyopia (lazy eye), and manage various eye illnesses, atropine 1% is used as an eye drop to dilate (enlarge) the pupil and inhibit the eye's focusing mechanism.

  • The early experiments utilizing 1% atropine eye drops to halt the growth of myopia in children had substantial adverse effects, including enlarged pupils that rendered the kid more sensitive to light and blurry close-up vision.

  • Recent research have looked into lower dosages, which have little side effects, ranging from 0.01% to 0.05%. For the purpose of controlling myopia, atropine eye drops are applied once daily at night.


  • Both Orthokeratology (Ortho-K) and Corneal Refractive Therapy (CRT), which use specially made contact lenses to gently reshape the surface of your eye while you sleep, are safe, non-invasive, and reversible treatments. As a result, there is no need for glasses or contacts during the day. Since the effect is only temporary, lenses must be worn every night while you sleep.

  • After inspecting your eyes, your eye doctor will decide which kind of corneal reshaping lenses is ideal for you. These procedures are good vision correction options for busy youngsters, especially those interested in sports, or children who are genetically prone to having their nearsightedness develop year after year. They are also ideal for many adults whose jobs or hobbies do not allow them to wear glasses or contact lenses.

​​​​​​​Contact Lenses

Most people these days choose to wear contacts instead of glasses. Please let your eye doctor know in advance of your session if you have any interest in wearing contacts. We will go over the many types of contact lenses available during your assessment and choose the ideal one for you based on your particular requirements and way of life.

Contact Lens Options

Soft Contact Lenses:

  • Comfortable to wear

  • Prescriptions available for most patients

  • Daily, biweekly, monthly, quarterly, and yearly replacements

  • Quarterly and yearly tend to be customized

  • Recommended for variety of patients, including young or active patients.

Rigid Gas Permeable (RPGs):

  • Due to optics – tend to provide sharper vision than soft CLs.

  • More durable and easier to care for than soft CLs.

  • Adaptation can take longer so persistence is key!

  • Annual replacement

Multifocal Contact Lenses:

  • Available in both soft and rigid gas permeable options

  • Adaptation is expected

Colored Contact Lenses:

  • Available in soft contact lenses

  • Variety of colors

  • Available in prescription or non-prescription

Specialty Contact Lenses:

  • Designed for difficult or irregular ocular surfaces such as those suffering from corneal degenerations or for post refractive surgery patients.

​​​​​​​Medical Eyecare

Our experienced optometrists are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of medical eye conditions, including glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and dry eye syndrome.

​​​​​​​Emergency Eyecare

Eye emergencies cover a range of incidents and conditions such as; trauma, cuts, scratches, foreign objects in the eye, burns, chemical exposure, photic retinopathy, and blunt injuries to the eye or eyelid. Since the eye is easily damaged, serious complications can occur from an eye injury thus, any of these conditions without proper treatment can lead to a partial loss of vision or even permanent blindness. Likewise, certain eye infections, other medical conditions, such as blood clots or glaucoma, and eye problems such as a painful red eye or vision loss that are not due to injury also need urgent medical attention.

Depending on the type of injury, any of the following symptoms may be present:

  • Bleeding or other discharge from or around the eye

  • Bruising

  • Decreased vision

  • Double vision

  • Loss of vision, total or partial, in one eye or both

  • Pupils of unequal size

  • Eye pain

  • New or severe headaches

  • Itchy eyes

  • Redness or bloodshot appearance

  • A sensation of something in the eye

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Stinging or burning in the eye

  • One eye is not moving like the other

  • One eye is sticking out or bulging

  • Nausea or headache occurring with eye pain (this may be a symptom of glaucoma or stroke).

A black eye is usually caused by direct trauma to the eye or face, causing a bruise resulting from bleeding under the skin. The skin around the eye turns black and blue, gradually becoming purple, green, and yellow over several days. Swelling of the eyelid and tissues around the eye may also occur. The abnormal color usually disappears within 2 weeks.

A blow to the eye can potentially damage the inside of the eye. Trauma is also a common cause of hyphemia, which is blood inside the front of the eye and is often due to a direct hit to the eye from a ball. Besides, certain types of skull fractures can cause bruising around the eyes, even without direct injury to the eye.

A chemical injury to the eye can be caused by a work-related accident, common household products such as cleaning solutions, garden chemicals, solvents, or other types of chemicals. Fumes and aerosols can also cause chemical burns. With acid burns, the haze on the cornea often clears and there is a good chance of recovery. However, alkaline substances such as lime, lye, drain cleaners, and sodium hydroxide found in refrigeration equipment may cause permanent damage to the cornea. It is important to flush out the eye with large amounts of clean water or salt water (saline).

​​​​​​​Dry Eye

While dry eye isn’t a serious condition, it can have a major impact on your quality of life. You may find your eyes get tired faster or you have difficulty reading. Not to mention the discomfort of a burning sensation or blurry vision. Let’s take a look at dry eye treatments – from simple self-care to innovative prescriptions and therapies – to help you see clearly and comfortably.

What is Dry Eye?

Understanding dry eye will help you determine the best treatment option. Dry eye occurs when a person doesn't have enough quality tears to lubricate and nourish the eye. Tears reduce eye infections, wash away foreign matter, and keep the eye’s surface smooth and clear. People with dry eyes either do not produce enough tears or their tears are poor quality. It’s a common and often chronic problem, especially in older adults.

Preventive Self-Care

Before we delve into more serious dry eye treatment options, here are a few simple self-care options that can manage minor cases of dry eye.

  • Blink regularly when reading or staring at a computer screen for a long time.

  • Make sure there’s adequate humidity in the air at work and at home.

  • Wear sunglasses outside to reduce sun and wind exposure. Wraparound glasses are best.

  • Take supplements with essential fatty acids as these may decrease dry eye symptoms.

  • Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water each day to avoid dehydration.

  • Find out if any of your prescriptions have dry eye as a side effect and if so, see if you can take an alternative.

Artificial Tears

For mild cases of dry eyes, the best option is over-the-counter eye drops. Here are a few tips for selecting the right one:

  • Low viscosity – These artificial tears are watery. They often provide quick relief with little or no blurring of your vision, but their effect can be brief, and sometimes you must use these drops frequently to get adequate relief.

  • High viscosity – These are more gel-like and provide longer-lasting lubrication. However, these drops can cause significant blurring of your vision for several minutes. For this reason, high-viscosity artificial tears are recommended at bedtime.

Prescription Dry Eye Treatments

There are several prescriptions that treat dry eye differently. Your eye doctor can advise the best option for your situation.

  • Contact Lenses – There are specialty contact lenses that deliver moisture to the surface of the eye. They’re called scleral lenses or bandage lenses.

  • Antibiotics– If your eyelids are inflamed, this can prevent oil glands from secreting oil into your tears. Your doctor may recommend antibiotics to reduce inflammation.


If you’ve been diagnosed with cataracts, you may wonder if cataract surgery is right around the corner. Not to worry. There are many preventive steps you can take to slow the progression of cataracts and preserve your vision. That doesn’t mean you won’t eventually need surgery, but you can at least delay the need for quite a while.

Protect Your Eyes from the Sun

The National Eye Institute recommends protecting your eyes from the sun's harmful ultraviolet (UV) and high-energy visible (HEV) rays by always wearing good quality sunglasses while outdoors. Look for sunglasses that block 100 percent of UV rays and absorb most HEV rays with large lenses or a close-fitting wraparound style. Remember that the peak hours for sun exposure are between 10 am and 3 pm or 11 am and 4 pm during daylight savings time and that the sun’s rays are strong enough to pass through clouds, so you need your sunglasses every day.

Avoid Steroid Eye Drops

Steroid eye drops are routinely prescribed to treat dry eyes or an arthritic flare-up in the eyes. Unfortunately, they can also speed up the progression of cataracts. Talk to your Optometrist about how you can manage both conditions without inadvertently making your cataracts worse – and hastening the need for surgery.

Check Your Medications

There are over 300 commonly prescribed medications with side effects that may impact cataract progression. Since your primary care physician may not have access to your eye doctor’s medical records, be sure to ask your doctor if your current medications will affect your cataracts. If you must stay on the medication, it’s even more important to avoid sunlight during peak hours and to wear sunglasses.


If you’ve been diagnosed with glaucoma, you’re probably already familiar with the typical options in glaucoma treatment – eye drops, laser treatment or traditional surgery. While these are certainly effective, especially when glaucoma is diagnosed early, researchers have been working hard to offer new glaucoma treatments. Their goal is not only to improve outcomes but also reduce the treatment’s side effects and frequency of use.

What is the Goal of Glaucoma Treatment?

Before we dive into the new options, it’s important to understand the goal of any glaucoma treatment. At present, glaucoma is not curable. However, treatment can significantly slow the progression of the disease. Glaucoma damages your eye's optic nerve. Extra fluid builds up in the front part of your eye (cornea), which increases the pressure in your eye. Reducing this pressure is the primary objective of any glaucoma treatment. This is often referred to as intraocular pressure or IOP.

What are the Limitations of Standard Glaucoma Treatments?

Eye drops for glaucoma treatment seem like an easy option but there are several challenges that can reduce its effectiveness. It can be difficult to get all the medicine in the eye, especially for older adults with less of a steady hand. In addition, since it must be applied daily, individuals may forget. Since the drops have no perceivable benefit because early stages of glaucoma have no symptoms, patients might make it a lower priority which is understandable since it may also have unpleasant side effects like burning, red eyes.

Beyond eye drops, laser surgery is a less invasive option. The laser opens clogged tubes and drains fluid. It can take a few weeks to see the full results. If laser surgery or drugs don’t relieve your eye pressure, you may need a more traditional operation. You would have to go into the hospital and will need a few weeks to heal and recover. Although usually effective, glaucoma surgery can make you more likely to get cataracts later on. It can also cause eye pain or redness, infection, inflammation, or bleeding in your eye.

What are Recent Advances in Glaucoma Treatment?

Alternatives or Improvements to Eye Drops
The Glaucoma Research Foundation reported several new developments on the horizon. These technologies focus on reducing patient error in applying eye drops which would make the medication more effective and improve the quality of life for the patient. Here are some of the products underway:

  • A polymer, like a contact lens, would contain the drug; it would sit under the eyelid and release the medication over several months

  • Microneedles would inject medication into a specific spot to be most effective

  • Implantable extended-release devices using engineered highly precise microparticles and nanoparticles

  • Polymer-based intraocular delivery technologies that would allow customizable sustained release

  • Drops that allow the medication to get into the eye more easily

  • Tear duct plugs that release medication

In addition, people with glaucoma who take more than one eye drop per day are beginning to see those medications available as a single, combined eye drop. New products include Cosopt (timolol and dorzolamide), Combigan (timolol and brimonidine) and Simbrinza (brinzolamide and brimonidine).

​​​​​​​Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration, commonly referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is the single largest cause of sight loss in the developed world and affects more than 10 million Americans. It usually affects people over the age of 60, but has been known to affect those who are younger. It is a painless condition that usually affects both eyes with the loss being experienced in the central vision. It does not affect the peripheral vision, meaning that it does not cause total blindness.

What is the macula?

The macula is the most sensitive part of the retina and is responsible for our central vision and what allows us to see fine details with clarity.

Varieties of AMD



Wet AMD is one variety of the condition in which abnormal blood vessels grow into the macula, leaking blood or fluid which then causes scarring and a rapid loss of central vision. Wet AMD can develop suddenly and rapid referral to a specialist is essential as it can be treated if caught quickly.


Dry AMD is the most common variety of age-related macular degeneration and is a gradual deterioration of the retina as the cells die off over time and are not regenerated. Up to 15% of people with dry AMD go on to develop wet AMD, and so any sudden changes in your vision should be followed up with your optometrist as soon as possible.

​​​​​​​Vision Correction Procedures

Just a few decades ago, computer vision syndrome (CVS) was not known or understood. However, with an increase in the role of computers in our lives, it has become an increasingly common issue. Researchers believe that 50-90% of people who use computers in their daily lives have experienced CVS to some degree. The amount of time that many people stare into a computer screen is increasing, which puts significant strain on our eyes.

CVS is not considered a single specific problem, but a suite of issues. And with the increased use of school computers, tablets and smartphones, children are also becoming more susceptible to CVS.

This syndrome is similar to many other repetitive motion type conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. Problems can start because as we are reading text on a screen, our eyes move in a repetitive motion throughout the day. Once the issue has started, continuing the same behavior can worsen any symptoms. While reading alone uses the same motion, digital screens add flicker, contrast, glare, and light that all put additional strain on our eyes.

Issues may also be accelerated if you should be wearing some type of corrective lens, but don't, and are therefore putting additional strain on your eyes.

Aging can also speed up the progress of these issues. Around the time that people turn 40, the lenses of the eyes begin to harden due to a disease called presbyopia, which affects your ability to see closer objects.

What Happens if I have CVS?

There is currently no proof that CVS causes long-term vision impairment or blindness. Continuing to use a computer or any other type of screen can continue to be an annoyance or reduce your ability to see properly. Some of the warning signs of CVS are:

  • Blurred vision

  • Double vision

  • Red or dry eyes

  • Headaches

  • Neck pain

  • Back pain

  • Eye Irritation

If you don’t properly treat CVS when these symptoms occur, you may begin to notice that you suffer from a decrease in overall quality of life or job performance.

​​​​​​​Diabetic Retinopathy

What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?

For us to be able to see clearly, our eyes need to be healthy and functioning perfectly. The most important component of our eyes are the retina. Found at the very back of the eye, the retina is a patch of light-sensitive cells that have the job of converting the light that passes into the eye into messages that are passed up the optic nerve and into our brain. Our brain then receives them and tells us what we can see and how clearly we can see it. 

The retina relies on a continuous supply of blood, which is delivered using a network of tiny blood vessels. Over time, having continuously high blood vessels can damage these blood vessels causing a leak of blood and other fluids onto the retina. If this happens, scarring may occur which could compromise the quality of your vision. 

Want to learn more about our optometry services? Call 8586752020 to schedule a consultation today.